Posted by: casaisabellaspainblog | October 14, 2011

Some history on El Burgo Malaga

 This pretty mountainous town on the road between Ronda and Coín is dominated by the limestone outcrops of the surrounding mountains of the Serrania de Ronda. Built high on a hilltop it has had many civilizations    come and go due to this strategically placed area.The Río Turón is the river that passes through it which has provided sustenance for human settlements as long ago as the 8th century BC. Its earliest settlers would have husbanded sheep and goats, as well as meagre crops in protected valleys, but it is likely   that they also traded with pre-Christian Phoenician and Greek explorers who roamed the region. These early visitors also imported key crops such as olives and grapevines. Roman settlers arrived in the first century BC; and built a small bridge across the Río Turón here to serve their  road from Ronda to Málaga, and used it as a trading base and staging camp .

The towns name is Arabic originally called Al Burgis, the name refers to a tower which stood in the village and formed part of the fortress  built by the carthaginan armies. Following the Moorish invasion of 711AD. a castle was built, where the church Inglesia de la Encarnation now stands but its ruins can still be seen around the old town. El Burgo grew chiefly on the production of silex, a flint-like deposit found in the surrounding hills used to make implements and weapons and  was also a hotly-contested defensive point  during its Arabic occupation.

The story of the Christian Reconquest in 1485 closely follows that of the fate of Ronda.  We are only told that it was taken by Pedro de Barrionuevo in the name of the King and Queen. The inquisition came to El Burgo in 1560, which led to the huge Muslim uprising of 1568–70. The pueblo was recorded as having 241 residents at the time, and  the area was repopulated in 1579, predominantly by landless peasants from Estepa .By the mid 17th century, it boasted three leading  work shops producing silex wares and its population had expanded to over a thousand , with that came a steady increase in ganaderias or cattle farms. One interesting factor in the various uprisings was the clash of cultures and eating habits. The Moors irrigated their terraces, planting many varieties of vegetables and fruit. The new Christian masters wanted cereal and meat and this completely changed the farming techniques in the area.


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